Quick Answer: What Is The Difference Between A Macular Hole And Macular Degeneration?

Macular holes are different from age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a disease in which deposits called drusen form under the retina and the light-sensitive cells (photoreceptors) of the macula slowly break down (dry AMD), or when abnormal, leaky blood vessels grow behind the macula and vision loss occurs from the

Is a macular hole the same as macular degeneration?

No. Macular holes and age-related macular degeneration are two separate conditions, but the symptoms can be similar and both conditions are common in people 60 and over. Both conditions are called “macular” because they involve the “macula” area of the retina.

What causes a hole in the macula of the eye?

The eye is filled with a gel-like substance called vitreous, which helps maintain the shape of the eye. As people age, the vitreous starts to shrink and pull away from the retina. This usually causes no problems. This tug-of-war can cause a hole in the macula, the area of clearest central vision in the retina.

What percentage of macular holes heal themselves?

Without treatment, about half of Stage I macular holes will progress. Partial-thickness holes (Stage II). Without treatment, about 70 percent of Stage II macular holes will progress.

How common are macular holes?

Macular holes are most common in people age 60 or older and seem to be more common in women.

Can I drive with a macular hole?

Can I still drive when I have a macular hole? Many people with a macular hole are able to carry on driving because it usually only affects their vision in one eye. You’re required by law to tell the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Authority (DVLA) if you have an eye condition which may affect your vision in both eyes.

Can you fly if you have a macular hole?

You will not be able to see well from your eye for at least one month. You should not fly or have a general anaesthetic as both could cause complications due to the gas in the eye and lead to vision loss.

How serious is a retinal hole?

Usually holes and tears do not mean you will have serious vision problems right away. However, retinal holes and tears may cause fluid from the center of your eyeball to leak behind the retina. Detachment of the retina is a serious condition that can lead to blindness and must be treated promptly to save your vision.

What foods should be avoided with macular degeneration?

Which Foods Should I Avoid?

  • Eating right can help lower the risk of age-related macular degeneration.
  • Avoid highly processed snack foods such as cakes, cookies, potato chips.
  • Avoid partially hydrogenated fats, especially coconut oils.
  • Eat a diet low in fat.

What does a hole in your macular mean?

Macular hole is when a tear or opening forms in your macula. As the hole forms, things in your central vision will look blurry, wavy or distorted. As the hole grows, a dark or blind spot appears in your central vision. A macular hole does not affect your peripheral (side) vision.

How long is recovery from macular hole surgery?

In the 7 to 10 days after the operation, the gas bubble slowly starts to shrink. As this happens, the space that was taken up by the gas fills with the natural fluid made by your eye, and your vision should start to improve. It generally takes 6 to 8 weeks for the gas to be absorbed and vision to improve.

How long does it take for macular hole to close?

The eye is then filled with an inert gas which will slowly diffuse out of the eye over 4-6 weeks. The holes made in your eye are made in a fashion that allow them to close and heal on their own; usually no stitches are needed to close them. The surgery usually takes less than one hour to perform.

Is vitrectomy major surgery?

Vitrectomy surgeries involve the removal and replacement of some or all of the vitreous humor or fluid from the eye. The procedure is considered very successful and is often done as part of other eye surgeries.

Do macular holes get worse?

Left untreated, a macular hole can worsen over time. Macular holes occur in three stages: Foveal detachments — about 50 percent worsen without treatment. Partial-thickness holes — about 70 percent worsen without treatment.

How long does it take to recover from macular hole surgery?

You might have some pain in your eye and your vision may be blurry for a few days after the surgery. You will need 2 to 4 weeks to recover before you can do your normal activities again. It may take longer for your vision to get back to normal.

Can cataract surgery cause a macular hole?

Macular hole formation is a rare complication of cataract extraction. Antero-posterior (A-P) tractional forces as well as macular edema are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of these macular holes.