Quick Answer: What Happens If A Macular Hole Is Untreated?

When a Stage III macular hole develops, most central and detailed vision can be lost.

If left untreated, a macular hole can lead to a detached retina, a sight-threatening condition that should receive immediate medical attention.

Do macular holes get worse over time?

Macular Hole Progression

Left untreated, a macular hole can worsen over time. Macular holes occur in three stages: Foveal detachments — about 50 percent worsen without treatment. Full-thickness holes — most worsen without treatment.

Can a macular hole heal on its own?

Although some macular holes heal on their own without treatment, in many cases, surgery is necessary to improve vision. The surgery eye doctors use to treat this condition is called a vitrectomy. The bubble acts as a bandage that holds the edge of the macular hole in place as it heals.

How common are macular holes?

Macular holes are most common in people age 60 or older and seem to be more common in women.

How serious is a retinal hole?

Usually holes and tears do not mean you will have serious vision problems right away. However, retinal holes and tears may cause fluid from the center of your eyeball to leak behind the retina. Detachment of the retina is a serious condition that can lead to blindness and must be treated promptly to save your vision.

Can you go blind from a macular hole?

In the early stages, a macular hole can cause blurred and distorted vision. You won’t feel any pain and the condition doesn’t lead to a total loss of sight. Surgery is usually needed to repair the hole. This is often successful, but you need to be aware of the possible complications of treatment.

Are macular holes common?

Macular holes are most common in people age 60 or older and seem to be more common in women.

How do you know if you have a macular hole?

What are the symptoms of a macular hole? Macular holes often begin gradually. In the early stage of a macular hole, people may notice a slight distortion or blurriness in their straight-ahead vision. Straight lines or objects can begin to look bent or wavy.

How long does it take for macular hole to close?

The eye is then filled with an inert gas which will slowly diffuse out of the eye over 4-6 weeks. The holes made in your eye are made in a fashion that allow them to close and heal on their own; usually no stitches are needed to close them. The surgery usually takes less than one hour to perform.

What is the difference between a macular hole and macular degeneration?

Macular holes are different from age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a disease in which deposits called drusen form under the retina and the light-sensitive cells (photoreceptors) of the macula slowly break down (dry AMD), or when abnormal, leaky blood vessels grow behind the macula and vision loss occurs from the

What is the success rate of macular hole surgery?

Anatomic success rates of macular hole surgery have been reported to be up to 89% without ILM peeling and up to 92% to 97% with peeling.

Can cataract surgery cause a macular hole?

Macular hole formation is a rare complication of cataract extraction. Antero-posterior (A-P) tractional forces as well as macular edema are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of these macular holes.

Is vitrectomy major surgery?

Vitrectomy surgeries involve the removal and replacement of some or all of the vitreous humor or fluid from the eye. The procedure is considered very successful and is often done as part of other eye surgeries.